HOLI FESTIVAL-WHAT IS HOLI? COLOR FESTIVAL HOLI-HISTORY OF HOLI

Holi Festival in India| Holi in India - Time and Date


Holi 2021: Essential Guide to the Holi Festival in India-Holi Celebration Date 2021


Hello friends, as we have celebrated Holi 2020, we again will celebrate Holi 2021 in new enthusiasm. Many Holi new song have been written by our Holi lovers to enjoy. We are or all Holi lovers are celebrating Holi in different manners as per their regional rituals. The Holi utsav is an interesting festival in Inda as well as in abroad in some countries. We are sharing some important topics about Holi festivals for you. Here you will find many topics to read and watch. Holi hai slogan is uttered by all Holi lovers. Holi Holi festival or a color festival or a lover festival is unite ourselves with each other in a new strong tie. Many Holi movie were released for public view on various topics. We are collecting data of Holi Holi nach and advising public for Holi near me to participate there.


Holi 2021 in Uttar Pradesh will begin in the evening of Sunday 28 March and ends in the evening of Monday 29 March (Dates may vary)

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The Holi, the festival of colors marks the commencement of spring season in India after the winter season. It is celebrated with utmost joy throughout the country. Similar to many other festivals in India, this festival also symbolizes the victory of good over evil in India. People of all age groups with their faces and clothes smeared with different colors of 'Gulal' (dried color) celebrate the festival with great enthusiasm and fervor. The festival is generally celebrated on Phalgun Purnima (February - March) and people greet each other by rubbing colors on each other's body or face by saying 'Bura Na Maano Holi Hai'-Holi bhai Holi Hai.

 

The Holi is a popular ancient Hindu festival, originating from the Indian subcontinent. Holi is celebrated predominantly in India, but has also spread to other areas of Asia and parts of the Western world through the diaspora from the Indian subcontinent. Holi is popularly known as the Indian "festival of spring", the "festival of colors", or the "festival of love". This festival signifies the arrival of spring, the end of winter, the blossoming of love and for many a festive day to meet others, play and laugh, forget and forgive and repair broken relationships.


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The Holi festival also celebrates the beginning of a good spring harvest season. Holi lasts for a night and a day starting on the evening of the Purnima (Full Moon day) falling in the Vikram Samvat Calendar in the Hindu calendar month of Phalguna, which falls around middle of March in the Gregorian calendar. The first evening is known as Holika Dahan (burning of demon holika) or Chhoti Holi and the following day as Holi, Rangwali Holi, Dhuleti, Dhulandi, or Phagwah are called.

 

Happy Holi is an ancient Hindu religious festival which has become popular with non-Hindus as well in many parts of South Asia, as well as people of other communities outside Asia. In addition to India and Nepal, the festival is celebrated by Indian subcontinent diaspora in countries such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius and Fiji too. In recent years the festival has spread to parts of Europe and North America as a spring celebration of love, frolic, and pleasant colours.


How Holi is celebrated?

Holi Celebration– Painting the Streets with Vibrant Colors:      Entire India gets immersed in the celebratory fever, just a few weeks or days before the festival Holi. The markets wear a vibrant look with various shops selling colors and delicious sweets like the gujiyas, rasgulla, malpua, pichkaari and so on. As for the drinks, one cannot miss the Bhang (a kind of drink prepared from the cannabis plant) or Thandai (Cold drink). People in large numbers play Holi in groups dancing to the foot tapping numbers shouting 'Holi Hai-Rang Birangee Holi Hai'. No one is spared on this occasion and the people are smeared color powders (Gulal) and spraying water with pichkaris (water guns) and water balloons on each other.


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The Holi celebrations start on the night before Holi with a Holika Dahan where people gather, perform religious rituals in front of the bonfire and pray that their internal evil be destroyed the way Holika the sister of the demon king Hiranyakashipu who was killed in the fire. The next morning is celebrated as Rangwali Holi - a free-for-all festival of colors, where people smear each other with colors and drench each other with love. Water guns and water-filled balloons are also used to play and colour each other to throw. Anyone and everyone are fair game, friend or stranger, rich or poor, man or woman, children and elders.


Holi Venues

The frolic and fight with colors occurs in the open streets, open parks, outside temples and buildings. Groups carry drums and other musical instruments, go from one place to other place, sing and dancing. People visit family, friends and foes to throw colored powders on each other; laugh and gossip and then share Holi delicacies, food and drinks. Some customary drinks include bhang (made from cannabis), which is intoxicating. In the evening, after sobering up, people dress up and visit friends and family houses.


History and Rituals behind the Celebration of Holi Festival

This festival of Holi actually begins a day before Dhulandi (day of playing colors) when people light a bonfire and indulge in singing and dancing around the fire. There are plenty of legends associated with the festival, but the popular one is ‘Holika Dahan’ - a mythological character. Prahlada, son of demon king Hanyakashipu was an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu. He disobeyed the orders of his evil father not to offer prayers to the Lord Vishnu. To teach his son a lesson, he sought the assistance of his sister, Holika to kill Prahlada in fire. Holika sat on a bonfire with Prahlada in her lap, but to the amazement of the king, the fire burnt alive the invincible Holika and Prahlada remained unaffected and safe.


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Vishnu Legend

As per a symbolic legend to explain why Holi is celebrated as a festival of triumph of good over evil in the honor of Hindu God Vishnu and his follower Prahlada a God student. King Hiranyakashipu, according to a legend found in chapter 7 of Bhagavata Purana, was the king of demonic Asuras and had earned a boon that gave him 5 special powershe could be killed by neither a human being nor an animal, neither indoors nor outdoors, neither at day nor at night, neither by astra (projectile weapons) nor by any shastra (handheld weapons), and neither on land nor in water or airHiranyakashipu grew arrogant, thinking he was God and demanded that everyone worship Hiranyakashipu only.


Saga       

Hiranyakashipu's own son, Prahlada however disagreed with his father. He was and remained devoted to Vishnu only. This infuriated Hiranyakashipu. He subjected Prahlada to cruel punishments, none of which affected the boy or his resolve to do what he thought was right. Finally Holika, Prahlada's evil aunt, tricked him into sitting on a pyre with her to burn Prahlada. Holika was wearing a cloak that made her immune to injury from fire, while Prahlada was not. As the fire roared, the cloak flew from Holika and encased Prahlada, who survived while Holika burned in fire. Vishnu, the god who appears as an avatar to restore Dharma in Hindu beliefs, took the form of Narasimha - half human and half lion (which is neither a human nor an animal), at dusk (when it was neither day nor night), took Hiranyakashyapu at a doorstep (which was neither indoors nor outdoors), placed him on his lap (which was neither land, water nor air) and then eviscerated and killed the king with his lion claws (which were neither a handheld weapon nor a launched weapon).


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This Holika bonfire and Holi signifies the celebration of the symbolic victory of good over evil, of Prahlada over Hiranyakashipu and of the fire that burned Holika.


Krishna Legend


As per various sagas, the Braj region of India, where the Hindu deity Krishna grew up, the festival is celebrated until Rang Panchmi in commemoration of the divine love of Radha for Krishna. The festivities officially usher in spring with Holi celebrated as a festival of love. There is a symbolic myth behind commemorating Krishna as well.


Saga     

As a baby, Krishna developed his characteristic dark skin color because the she-demon Putana poisoned him with her breast milk with poison. In his youth, Krishna despaired whether the fair-skinned Radha would love him because of his dark skin color. His mother tired of his desperation asks him to approach Radha and ask her to color his face in any color she wanted. This she did and Radha and Krishna became a couple without married. Ever since, the playful coloring of Radha and Krishna's face has been commemorated as Holi. Beyond India, these legends help to explain the significance of Holi (Phagwah) are common in some Caribbean and South American communities of Indian origin such as Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. Holi is also celebrated with great rapture in Mauritius too.


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Kama and Rati Legend

As per other Hindu traditions such as Shaivism and Shaktism the legendary significance of Holi is linked to Shiva in yoga and deep meditation, goddess Parvati wanting to bring back Shiva into the world, seeks help from the Hindu God of love called Kamadeva on Vasant Panchami. The love God shoots arrows at Shiva, the yogi opens his third eye and burns Kama to ashes. This upsets both Kama's wife Rati (Kamadevi) and his own wife Parvati. Rati performs her own meditative asceticism for 40 days, upon which Shiva understands, forgives out of compassion and restores the God of love. This return of the God of love is celebrated on the 40th day after Vasant Panchami festival as Holi. This Kama legend and its significance to Holi has many variant forms, particularly in South India.


Cultural Significance

This Holi festival has a cultural significance among various Hindu traditions of the Indian subcontinent. It is the festive day to end and rid oneself of past errors to end conflicts by meeting others, a day to forget and forgive each other bad deeds. People pay or forgive debts, as well as deal a new with those in their lives. Holi also marks the start of spring for many the start of the New Year, an occasion for people to enjoy the changing seasons and make new friends too.


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Variant Indian Religions


The Mughal Indian emperor Jahangir celebrating Holi with ladies of the zenana.


This Holi festival has traditionally been also observed by non-Hindus such as by Jains and Newar Buddhists -Nepal.


During Mughal Era

During Mughal India, Holi was celebrated with such exuberance that people of all castes could throw color on the Emperor. According to Sharma 2017, "there are several paintings of Mughal emperors celebrating Holi" too. Grand celebrations of Holi were held at the Lal Qila (Red Fort), where the festival was also known as Eid-e-gulaabi or Aab-e-Pashi. Mehfils were held throughout the walled city of Delhi with aristocrats and traders alike participating. Bahadur Shah Zafar himself wrote a song for the festival, while poets such as Amir Khusrau, Ibrahim Raskhan, Nazeer Akbarabadi and Mehjoor Lakhnavi relished it in their writings about Holi.


Sikh Era

Sikhs have traditionally celebrated the festival, at least through the 19th century, with its historic texts referring to it as Hola. Guru Gobind Singh – the last human guru of the Sikhs - modified Holi with a 3-day Hola Mohalla extension festival of martial arts. The extension started the day after the Holi festival in Anandpur Sahib where Sikh soldiers would train in mock battles, compete in horsemanship, athletics, archery and military exercises alike.


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The Holi was observed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his Sikh Empire that extended across what are now northern parts of India and Pakistan too (were one India). According to a report by Tribune India, Sikh court records state that 300 mounds of colors were used in 1837 by Ranjit Singh and his officials in Lahore. Ranjit Singh would celebrate Holi with others in the Bilawal gardens, where decorative tents were set up. In 1837, Sir Henry Fane who was the commander-in-chief of the British Indian army joined the Holi celebrations organized by Ranjit Singh. A mural in the Lahore Fort was sponsored by Ranjit Singh and it showed the Hindu God Krishna playing Holi with Gopis. After the death of Ranjit Singh, his Sikh sons and others continued to play Holi every year with colors and lavish festivities.


Holi Celebrations in Various Parts of India

The spirit of Holi is just beyond the imagination. It can only be felt and quite difficult to express in words. This festival is celebrated with immense gaiety with different traditions in various parts of India.


colorholi.blogspot.com wishes you Happy Holi